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Gliki

As travelers enter the Prefecture of Thesprotia from its southern side, it welcomes them to a picturesque and beautiful village, full of sights and activities. It is the Glyka Thesprotia, near the famous springs of the Acheron River.

Camera mounted on drone recorded beautiful shots from above.

With the plane trees in the area to offer their coolness and shade, the scenery in the area is enchanting. On both banks of the river there are cafes, restaurants and the starting point of two paths, which lead to the springs of Acheron through a lush landscape.

Beyond the paths that attract the interest of hikers and mountaineers, the activity is rich in the river, where guests can do kayaking and horse riding. In the area are also picturesque churches and chapels, such as Agios Donatos. A little further, there is the historic Souli and its watermills.

Glyki is a historic village in the area of ​​Souli, near the borders of the prefectures of Thesprotia and Preveza. It is a lowland village, whose population, mainly engaged in small-scale farming and more in agriculture and especially in rice growing, numbered 238 inhabitants in 1928, having primary school and post office. In 1971 it had 481 inhabitants, in 1981 it was 469, while in 2001 it numbered 434 inhabitants.

In today’s village, remnants of a remarkable settlement that has a continuous life from Hellenistic to Byzantine times have been preserved. From the surviving ruins of the Early Christian basilica it is presumed that the ancient Eurya, a bishop’s seat, was mentioned at the site, which is mentioned in Byzantine sources of the 4th century AD. century. Still other researchers identify the ruins with ancient Ombalio or Khyiros. The newest name of the village is estimated to be related to the nearby “Glyki port”.

The settlement owed its long life to its strategic position, as it controlled the passage of the Acheron River, through which the eastern leg of the international Roman road Apollonia – Boutroto – Nikopolis passed. During the Byzantine period, it was a special bishopric, which was then united with the Bishopric of Boutroto and constituted the “Episkopi Voutroto and Glykeos”. During the Greek Revolution of 1821, the Glyki Treaty between the Soulites and the Turkish-Albanian Beyands was concluded in 1821.

Acheron, about 50 kilometers in length, is a river in the region of Epirus and crosses the prefectures of Ioannina, Thesprotia and Preveza. Its first sources come from the snow of Mount Tombar in the prefecture of Ioannina (maximum altitude 1,986 m), while other sources come from the mountains of Souli and the mountains of Paramythia Thesprotia. Important sources are also those of the village of Vouvopotamos Preveza near Glyki. It expands to the Ionian Sea in the village of Ammoudia, Preveza, where it forms a delta.

The name of the Acheron River derives from the word “ahoch”, which describes deep sorrow, sadness and lamentation. In antiquity, his name alone was enough to express the idea of ​​Hades and terror, as it was described as the road to the underworld.

According to ancient Greek mythology the “psychopomp” of Hermes handed over the souls of the dead to Harrodas to end up in the kingdom of Hades. Each soul, passing through the Harrod ferry, had to give from one owl to transport.

On his way, the river Aheron crossed with the rivers Pyrifleeton and Kokyto, in the present village of Mesopotamos, where the ancient Nekromandio of Acheron is located. According to Homer, at that point, “the river Aheron, with Kokyto and Pyrifelets, was mixed on the northwest banks of Lake Acherousia, which was the entrance of the world of souls.”

Based on mythology, Acher during the conflict between the sons of Saturn and the Titans gave water to the Thirsty Thirst, which caused Jupiter’s wrath. For punishment, he sent Acheron as deep as the height of the sky from the earth, bleeding his waters.

Sources: www.naftemporiki.gr, romiazirou.blogspot.com, greek-crossroads.gr

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